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Treatment to Polycystic Ovary Syndrome treats Cause of Infertility in Women 

Keep in mind for Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders among females. Also, called as Hyperandrogenic  Anovulation (HA), PCOS is considered to be one of the leading causes of female subfertility, and is the most frequent endocrine problem in women of reproductive age.

PCOS generates symptoms in approximately 5% to 10% of women of reproductive age. The name of the condition originates from the appearance of the ovaries in most, but not all, women with the disorder — enlarged and containing numerous small cysts located along the outer edge of each ovary. Infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods, excess hair growth, acne and obesity could all occur in women with polycystic ovary syndrome.

In adolescents, rare or missing menstruation could signal to the condition. In women past adolescence, the difficulty becoming pregnant or inexplicable weight gain could be the first sign. At, treatment to Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) specializes to treat the cause of infertility in women of reproductive age.

Symptoms to PCOS

​1.       Menstrual abnormality: This is the most common attribute. Examples of menstrual irregularity include menstrual intervals longer than 35 days; fewer than eight menstrual cycles a year; failure to menstruate for four months or longer; and extended periods that may be scant or heavy.

​2.       Excess androgen: Elevated levels of male hormones may cause to the physical signs, such as excess facial and body hair, adult acne or severe adolescent acne, and male-pattern baldness. On the other hand, the physical signs of androgen excess differ with ethnicity, so relying on your ethnic background you may or may not explain signs of excess androgen.

3.       Polycystic ovaries: Enlarged ovaries having many small cysts can be become aware by ultrasound. In spite of the condition's name, polycystic ovaries alone do not bear out the diagnosis. To be diagnosed with PCOS, you must also have irregular menstrual cycles or signs of androgen excess. Some women with polycystic ovaries could not have PCOS, while a few women with the condition have ovaries that appear usual.

Causes to PCOS

1.       Excess insulin: Insulin is the hormone generated in the pancreas that lets cells to make use of sugar— your body's primary energy provide. If you have insulin resistance, your ability to employ insulin efficiently is damaged, and your pancreas has to hide away more insulin to build glucose available to cells. The excess insulin might increase androgen production by your ovaries.

2.       Low-grade inflammation: Your body's white blood cells generate substances to fight infection in a response called inflammation. Eating certain foods can activate an inflammatory response in some predisposed people. When this occurs, the white blood cells generate substances that can guide to insulin resistance and cholesterol accumulation in blood vessels.

3.       Heredity: If your mother or sister has PCOS, you might have a greater chance to have it, too. Also, the researchers are exploring the possibility that mutated genes are linked to PCOS.

4.       Abnormal fetal development: Some research explains that extreme exposure to male hormones in fetal life may eternally put off normal genes from working the way they are supposed to — a process known as gene expression. This may endorse a male pattern of abdominal fat distribution that boosts the risk of insulin resistance and low-grade inflammation.

Complications to PCOS

·         High blood pressure
·         Type 2 diabetes
·        Cholesterol and lipid abnormalities
·        Elevated levels of C-reactive protein, a cardiovascular disease marker
·        Metabolic syndrome, a cluster of symptoms
·        Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis
·        Sleep apnea
·        Abnormal uterine bleeding
​·        Cancer of the uterine lining caused by exposure to nonstop high levels of estrogen
·    Gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure, if you become pregnant

Diagnosis to PCOS

1.      Medical history: Your doctor could question you about your menstrual periods, weight changes and the other symptoms.
2.      Physical examination: During to your physical exam, your doctor I likely to note several key pieces of information, with your height, weight and blood pressure.
3.    Pelvic examination: During a pelvic exam, your doctor visually and physically examines your reproductive organs for signs of masses, growths or other irregularities.
4.       Blood tests: Your blood may be drawn to determine the levels of several hormones to keep out possible causes of menstrual abnormalities or androgen excess that imitate PCOS. Additional blood testing may comprise to the fasting cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
5.       Pelvic ultrasound: A pelvic ultrasound could explain the appearance of your ovaries and the width of the lining of your uterus. During the test, you do lying on a bed or examining table while a wand-like device is placed in your vagina. The transducer releases inaudible sound waves that are translated into images on a computer screen.

Treatment to PCOS

Birth control pills:
These contain female hormones that control menstrual cycles. Also, contraceptives help to lower levels of androgens, lessening irregular hair growth and improving acne. They put off the potential build-up of the lining of the uterus that can boost the risk of uterine cancer.

Insulin-sensitizing medications: Used to treat type 2 diabetes, these medications are useful for many women with PCOS. They appear to help menstrual cycles become more regular by lowering insulin levels and potentially helping women with insulin resistance to lose weight.
Ovulation induction: This allows the release of an egg may be needed in women who want to get pregnant.Androgen-blocking medications: These can be meant to take care of several PCOS symptoms, with excess or unnecessary hair growth and, to a limited degree, acne and scalp hair loss. Anti-androgens comprise spironolactone, flutamide, finasteride, and cyproterone acetate

Topical anti-hair-growth medications: These medications having eflornithine hydrochloride can help to slow the growth of facial hair in women with PCOS. The active ingredient in this medication obstructs an enzyme in the hair follicle of the skin desired for hair growth. This results in slower hair growth within a few weeks of treatment.